When most people think about dyslexia, the first thing that comes to mind is the difficulty in reading. However, dyslexia is defined as a learning disorder manifested in the acquisition of reading, writing, listening, speaking, reasoning, mathematical and other skills including language.
The checklist below can help you understand if your child is showing symptoms of dyslexia. Many children learn that they have dyslexia in the 3rd or 5th grade. But some may notice it early or late, and there are learners even in adulthood. Remember that not every child who shows one or more of these signs or has trouble reading is absolutely dyslexic.
If you think your child may have dyslexia, you can print out this checklist and discuss it with your child’s doctor or teacher.
If you are unsure whether your child is showing specific signs, it may be helpful to review this checklist after spending some time observing reading and language skills.
Dyslexia Symptoms in Preschool Period
• They often mispronounce words. (cavanar instead of beast)
• They are considered by their doctor to be ‘language open’ (saying too few words by their second birthday) and have trouble speaking words correctly (“speaking babyly”).
• Often they have difficulty naming familiar objects, saying general words such as things instead of names of objects.
• Even after trying to teach many times, they have trouble learning a new word.
• Children have difficulty learning songs or poems that rhyme, and have difficulty understanding and singing them.
• They have difficulty ranking; they have difficulty learning the alphabet, sorting the seasons and months, they confuse their birth dates, they cannot make a shopping list.
• They often tell stories that are difficult to follow; they cannot talk about an event in a logical order.
• Have difficulty remembering and following multiple step instructions.
• They cannot express their own names and they hardly write.
Dyslexia Symptoms in Grade 2
• Have difficulty learning the names of the letters and remembering the sounds they make.
• They mix similar sounds (b, d, p, q) and letters with similar sounds (d / t; b / p; f / v).
• Fights even reading familiar words (such as a cat or a tree), especially when there are no pictures or other contextual cues; they often skip or shuffle short words (like water or o) when they read it out loud.
• When reading aloud, they often write other versions for words. Just like they say the word story where the word story is concerned.
• They do not know how to approach unfamiliar foreign words. Like focusing on the first letter or looking up vowels for pronunciation helpful cues.
• They have problems with vowels in words; such as how vowels combine with words and can produce different sounds depending on how they are combined.
• They have difficulty hearing the distinctive sounds that make up a word and / or making sense of these sounds.
• Have trouble remembering how words are spelled and spelling rules applied.
• When reading and writing (eg cat instead of cats, jump instead of jumped) they leave the end of a word.
• Immediately they have trouble saying phrases in a category (such as the names of 10 colors or 10 fruits) or remembering the names of things.
Dyslexia Symptoms in Grades 3 and 5
When reading aloud, they often shuffle or skip small words.
– They say the same word in the same song incorrectly even after they have read it correctly before.
– Have trouble pronouncing new words; If a long word comes up while reading, they often forget part of it or miss it.
– Often, they cannot recognize common words (seeing words) that are common like where and there, and they have trouble speaking.
-Often they have trouble explaining what is going on in a story or answering questions about important details.
– If someone reads aloud to them, it becomes easier for them to answer questions about a text.
– Frequent inverting letters or confusing the letter order. He has problems with spelling, such as quickly forgetting how to spell most of the words he studied or how to spell the same word correctly and incorrectly in the same exercise.
-They avoid reading whenever they can and become angry or excited while reading.
– It takes them a long time to complete reading assignments. He seems to be studying at a lower academic level than the language he speaks; He may have a smaller vocabulary than other children of his age because he does not like to read. Dyslexia Symptoms in Teens and Children 8-12 Years Old
-They usually read slowly, skip small words and forget to read long words.
– They make a lot of spelling mistakes, sometimes so that even the computer spell checker doesn’t know how to fix it.
-Often they have trouble remembering common abbreviations used on social media, such as tmm and kib.
– When doing written assignments, they have difficulty expressing ideas in an organized way or supporting a discussion.
-He or she often forgets the words he wants to say and uses words like something rather than a more specific expression.
– Usually “does not understand” jokes; They have trouble understanding idioms and words.
– It becomes easier to answer questions about a page of text if a page is read to it.
– Avoid reading whenever possible, or become irritable or excited while reading.
-It takes a very long time for him to complete his reading assignments.
-He may appear to be studying at a lower academic level than the language he speaks; He or she may have less vocabulary than other children his age because he does not like to read.