Dyslexia is one of the common problems in education. Many children are deprived of proper education due to a lack of timely diagnosis of dyslexia and this causes them to face many educational and psychological problems. In order to diagnose dyslexia, 4 tests are common to use, of which 3 tests are done by the child and 1 test should be done by the dyslexic child’s parents.
During this test, the child is provided with a text according to his/her age and is asked to read the text and answer the questions.
Psychologists in the field of dyslexia assess the level, type, and severity of dyslexia in the child by listening to the child’s reading. By examining the child’s cognitive functions while reading, they can determine the level, type, and severity of dyslexia.
This test evaluates various aspects such as reading speed, reading accuracy, comprehension rate according to age, reading errors, and various other aspects related to learning processes.
- “Goodenough” test (D.A.P):
Observing the intelligence level is one of the most important steps in analyzing the presence of dyslexia. There are so many children who are not able to learn or read properly due to intelligence issues and often are diagnosed as dyslexic.
The positive aspects of this test include its proper validity and its great scientific support. Moreover, performing this test is easily applicable for young children, and in the process of performing the test, the child feels satisfied and happy to cooperate. Accordingly, the foregoing test has received a lot of attention from experts both in performing and in representing the nature of the child’s intelligence.
This test evaluates the child’s IQ in seven categories by analyzing the child’s drawing.
- Raven test:
The Raven Intelligence test, or Raven’s Progressive Matrices, is designed to measure intelligence and includes a set of images that are given to the person and he/she must fill the cut parts by choosing between the suggested images. This is a very popular test for measuring general intelligence or the G factor of a person. Raven intelligence test is used for assessing visual or spatial intelligence. In other words, this test can be used to evaluate logical intelligence, visual intelligence, non-verbal intelligence, as well as visual and mathematical-logical intelligence.
The CLDQ was designed to assess specific dimensions of functioning that are most often impaired in children with learning difficulties, including reading, math, social cognition, spatial functioning, and memory.
In this test, the child’s parents or the ones who have raised the child and know him/her well can help the diagnosis of dyslexia more accurately by answering questions about the child’s educational processes.